Bone and Joint
To succeed in life, you need three things: a wishbone, a backbone and a funny bone - Reba McEntire
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"Musculoskeletal conditions are currently the most common cause of chronic disability. Globally, the number of people suffering from musculoskeletal conditions has increased by 25 percent over the past decade. This is expected to continue increasing with the ageing of our populations. Affordable measures to prevent and treat musculoskeletal conditions are available.
The primary musculoskeletal conditions include:
- Osteoarthritis Inflammatory arthritis (principally, rheumatoid arthritis)
- Back pain
- Musculoskeletal injuries (such as occupational and sports injuries and road traffic accidents)
- Crystal arthritis (such as gout)
- Osteoporosis and fragility fractures
Musculoskeletal conditions make up 2 percent of the global disease burden. Osteoarthritis accounts for the largest portion – 52 percent of the total burden of musculoskeletal conditions in developing countries, and 61 percent of the total burden of musculoskeletal conditions in industrialized countries. Osteoarthritis is increasing as the world’s elderly population grows, and is the sixth leading cause of years lost to disability." Source: The Bone and Joint Decade.
"Musculoskeletal diseases can be lifelong and affect and be affected by other health conditions. With their resulting pain and impact on loss of function and mobility, they can affect efforts to control hypertension, diabetes, obesity, and other conditions. They can impact the ability to maximize educational opportunities, earn a living, care for family, and participate in or contribute to other activities associated with a fulfilling life.
Tremendous advances have been made in understanding the etiology and identifying treatment options for the vast majority of these conditions. However, understanding and defining the value of these various treatment options to patients, their families, and society are areas that have not been fully examined.
Health care reform has drawn our attention to this gaping hole in our knowledge and provides us with an opportunity to look for answers and contribute to the debate that is underway to ensure that resources are allocated to best meet patient needs." Source: Gnatz SM et al, The Value in Musculoskeletal Care: Summary and Recommendations, PM R. 2012 May;4(5):378. doi: 10.1016/j.pmrj.2012.04.003.
So, how do you help prevent the damage and pain in the first place? *Although most of the recommendations have been geared to women, they are also applicable to men!
"Work on those quads. A recent study found while stronger thighs won’t prevent osteoarthritis of the knees, it can reduce the amount of pain or stiffness with knee osteoarthritis. Squats and lunges, as well as certain exercises with weights, can help strengthen quadriceps.
Get your omega-3 fatty acids. Our diets today have gotten out of balance when it comes to omega-3 versus omega-6 fatty acids. The former are primarily found in fatty fish and some nuts and seeds, such as flaxseeds. The latter are found in many vegetables, such as corn and corn oil. While the anti-inflammatory benefits of omega-3 fatty acids (think fish oil supplements) is well known, less known is the fact that your intake of these fats can affect both bone formation and the rate at which bone is broken down. One study of 1,532 people between the ages of 45 and 90 found that the more omega-3 fatty acids they consumed and the fewer omega fatty-6 acids, the better their bone mineral density at the hip.35 While eating a fatty fish like salmon twice a week is a good way to go, you can also swallow a couple of fish oil supplements every morning.
Dig some D. Vitamin D, the so-called “sunshine” vitamin, helps your body absorb calcium and maintain enough calcium and phosphate in your blood so it doesn’t get pulled out of bone. It also enables bone growth and the breaking down and building up of bone. Low levels of vitamin D not only contribute to osteoporosis, but also a condition called osteomalacia, in which you feel an aching pain in your bone even as the bone weakens.
Low vitamin D also causes muscle weakness, which can lead to falls and fractures in older people. The best source of D is sunlight, but it’s nearly impossible to get enough in the fall and winter or if you’re using sunscreen. That’s why supplements are your best bet. The Institute of Medicine (IOM) recently raised its recommended daily level of vitamin D to 600 international units (IUs) for anyone up to age 71 years old, including children, and as much as 800 IUs for those 71 and older. Some experts recommend supplementing with at least 1,000 IUs of vitamin D a day.
Having said all that, you still need the calcium—1,200 mg a day is recommended for most women. Don’t skip it even if you’re already taking medication for osteoporosis. You still need both calcium and vitamin D supplements to get maximum results from the medicine. Take the calcium in divided doses of 500 or 600 mg a day.
Quit smoking. Women who smoke tend to have lower bone density and higher risk of fractures than women who don’t, possibly related to lower calcium absorption and production of estradiol.
Hit the road. As with nearly any chronic disease, exercise reduces your risk of osteoporosis and arthritis. By strengthening muscle and aiding in weight loss, exercise can reduce the strain on joints. Weight-bearing exercise such as walking also helps maintain bone density—no matter what your age. Keep it low-key, however; the pounding of running and other high-intensity exercise can damage joints and ligaments, leading to inflammation, pain and, eventually, arthritis."
Source: Pamela M Peeke MD, MPH, Simple Ways to Improve Bone Health, Healthy Women.
The Value in Musculoskeletal Care: Summary and Recommendations
Musculoskeletal disorders are chronic, disabling, and costly. They affect people of all ages, cultures, and ethnic groups. These disorders are the leading cause of disability and loss of function, as well as limitation and impairment of activities for people over the age of 18.
Vegetables That Promote Bone and Joint Health
Many think that the best way to stop or reverse bone loss is to take high doses of supplements, such as calcium. But here’s the truth: you can actually keep your bones strong and healthy simply by modifying your diet.
Why ‘Useless’ Surgery Is Still Popular
Before a drug can be marketed, it has to go through rigorous testing to show it is safe and effective. Surgery, though, is different. The Food and Drug Administration does not regulate surgical procedures. So what happens when an operation is subjected to and fails the ultimate test — a clinical trial in which patients are randomly assigned to have it or not? The expectation is that medical practice will change if an operation turns out not to help. If only.
AbleData provides objective information on assistive technology and rehabilitation equipment available from domestic and international sources to consumers, organizations, professionals, and caregivers within the United States. We serve the nation's disability, rehabilitation, and senior communities.
BodyZone.com promotes intelligent mind and body LifeHabits including StrongPosture™ exercise, chiropractic, massage, nutrition, yoga and more to help you.
Bone and Joint Initiative
Patient, healthcare professional or researcher -- child, teen, adult or senior -- if you're visiting us to answer a question, to find information, or to participate in an activity, thank your bones and joints for bringing you here. Think about it: if the bones and joints in your body are strong and flexible, they move smoothly.
Broken Bones, torn ligamnets, muscle strains, explained with pictures.
Cornucopia of Disability Information
CODI serves as a community resource for consumers and professionals by providing disability information in a wide variety of areas. It consists of both an Internet Directory of Disability Information and a repository of electronic disability documents, dating back to the early 1990s. Many of the documents on CODI are publicly available nowhere else on the Internet.
...clear, understandable information about muscles, bones and joints.
Muscle for Life
“My mission is to empower people to take control of their health and fitness by following a healthy, enjoyable lifestyle that not only gives them the body they’ve always wanted, but enables them to live a long, vital, disease-free life.”
National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases
The mission of the National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases is to support research into the causes, treatment, and prevention of arthritis and musculoskeletal and skin diseases; the training of basic and clinical scientists to carry out this research; and the dissemination of information on research progress in these diseases.
National Rehabilitation Information Center
The National Rehabilitation Information Center's online gateway to an abundance of disability- and rehabilitation-oriented information organized in a variety of formats designed to make it easy for users to find and use.
Orthobullets.com is an educational resource for orthopaedic surgeons designed to improve through the communal efforts of those who use it as a learning resource. It is a simple but powerful concept.
The mission of OrthoGate is to improve orthopedic care, education and research using Internet technologies. We facilitate access to orthopedic information for professionals and patients using the Internet and strive to improve the quality of orthopedic information and musculoskeletal health on the Internet by providing a gateway.
OrthoInfo is a trusted source of information about musculoskeletal conditions and injuries – how they are treated, as well as how they can be prevented. Our articles and videos are developed by orthopaedic surgeons who are members of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. All of the content on our website is peer-reviewed by physician members of the OrthoInfo Editorial Board who are experts in their fields.
Orthopedic Web Links
Orthopedic Web Links (OWL) is the most comprehensive directory of orthopedics, orthopedic surgery, orthopedic surgeons, and trauma. We invite orthopedic surgeons, nurses, trainees, patients & allied health professionals who wish to provide an authoritative directory of orthopaedics to join OWL.
Own the Bone
The American Orthopaedic Association developed Own the Bone as a quality improvement program to address the osteoporosis treatment gap and prevent subsequent fragility fractures.
Rare Bone Disease Patient Network
The Rare Bone Disease Patient Network is a coalition of rare bone disease organizations, established to share information, expertise and resources, in a collaborative effort to increase awareness, understanding, and research of rare bone disorders.
Patient information and professional educational material on shoulder pain and treatments.
The Simple Tasks campaign aims to elevate the importance of rheumatology, increase understanding of the work of rheumatologists, and lay a foundation of awareness and understanding that creates support for more favorable public policy.
Thousands of doctor written, doctor reviewed articles on back pain, neck pain, and related disorders; in-depth spine videos; vibrant discussion forums; doctor member profiles and online contact service; and more. Accurate, complete, unbiased health information you can trust.
SpineUniverse is the most trusted source of quality, doctor-written information on spine health. Our leading spine experts are here to help you find relief today from your back pain, neck pain, or other spine condition. Browse our exhaustive video library, get tips on back pain exercises, and visit our Community section to discuss your pain.
The Bone and Joint Decade
The Bone and Joint Decade is a network of more than a thousand national and international patient, professional, scientific organisations with National Action Networks in over 60 countries.Together this network is driving the agenda of the Bone and Joint Decade to position musculoskeletal conditions as a public health issue.
Top 10 Ways to Protect Your Joints
ÂJoints are the places in our bodies where bones meet. They roll, glide, rotate or bend like a simple hinge to let you run, jump and do the chicken dance. Joints come in different sizes, shapes and varieties, but all of them are susceptible to wear and tear, damage and arthritis.
YourSpine.com makes it easier for consumers to find a qualified chiropractic professional, and aims to educate patients about the important role spinal fitness plays in their overall health. Well-educated, informed patients are equipped with the knowledge to take control of their health management and decisions for the duration of their lives.
The LivMD is a bone growth and muscle stimulation device specifically developed to increase bone density and quality, while also activating and conditioning the leg muscles in a safe and effective manner.
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center
Learn About Bone and Joint Health...You'll find lots of great resources to learn about keeping your bones and joints healthy -- all courtesy of the experts at the Carl J. Shapiro Department of Orthopaedics.
If you think joint pain and brittle bones are an inevitable result of aging, think again. It’s never too early to start thinking about your bone and joint health. Get tips for building strength and coping with aches and pains in our Bone and Joint Health Center
Did you study enzyme theory before your last workout? Metabolic pathways? Protein synthesis? And take an exploratory whirl in the biology-busting, NASA-funded Space Cycle? Of course not. But the geniuses of muscle have, and here's what they've concluded: That workout you've been doing? It's pretty dumb.