Winning is the most important thing in my life, after breathing. Breathing first, winning next - George Steinbrenner
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"No doubt you’ve heard of lung diseases like tuberculosis and cystic fibrosis, but did you know how damaging they can be to your body? These diseases are among five of the most deadly lung problems you can develop...
1. Tuberculosis (TB)
Tuberculosis is a bacterial infection most often found in the lungs, but it can also be found in the lymphatic system and other vital organs. TB bacteria cause death of tissue in body organs they infect.
Most people who are exposed to TB never develop symptoms because the bacteria can live in an inactive form in the body — a condition known as latent TB. But if the immune system weakens, TB bacteria can become active, transitioning disease to actual TB. Active TB disease can be fatal if left untreated.
Symptoms: The symptoms of TB can vary depending on where it’s located in the body. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention lists the following as common symptoms:
- A bad cough that lasts three weeks or longer
- Pain in the chest
- Coughing up blood or sputum (phlegm from deep inside the lungs)
- Weakness or fatigue
- Weight loss
- No appetite
- Sweating at night
Treatment: There are several different medication regimens that have been found to effectively fight TB. The aggressiveness of treatment depends on the aggressiveness of the TB bacteria.
Once you have TB, you will always have it. It will flare up when your body is undergoing any kind of stress. By having the disease closely monitored by a doctor, patients can often keep the more serious symptoms at bay.
2. Pulmonary hypertension
A person with pulmonary hypertension has abnormally high blood pressure in the arteries of the lungs. The condition makes the right side of the person's heart work harder than normal to push the blood through, and this will also cause heart failure.
Symptoms: Pulmonary hypertension symptoms can include the following, according to WebMD:
- Chest pain
- Passing out suddenly
- Swelling of the legs (edema)
Treatment: This is another lung disease that has a very low survival rate. Doctors often prescribe blood vessel dilator medications to treat the disease. Patients can also be subject to surgeries such as atrial septostomy or a lung transplant.
3. Cystic fibrosis (CF)
Cystic fibrosis is a genetic disease that affects the glands that produce mucus and sweat. The condition causes mucus to become thick and sticky in the lungs. As the mucus builds up, it can block airways and create a more formidable environment for bacteria growth.
CF will also prevent necessary digestive enzymes from reaching your intestines. The body needs these enzymes to digest nutrients in food that you eat, so most people with CF are also malnourished.
Symptoms: The Cystic Fibrosis Foundation’s website states that people with CF can have a variety of symptoms, including:
- Very salty-tasting skin
- Persistent coughing, at times with phlegm
- Frequent lung infections
- Wheezing or shortness of breath
- Poor growth/weight gain in spite of a good appetite
- Frequent greasy, bulky stools or difficulty in bowel movements
Treatment: CF is a deadly disease for which there is no known cure. Many people with the disease do not survive past 30 years of age. Treatment used by doctors is mainly supportive — such as respiratory treatments, medications and nutrition support.
4. Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS)
ARDS occurs when fluid builds up in tiny, elastic air sacs in your lungs. More fluid in your lungs means less oxygen will reach your bloodstream, depriving your organs of the oxygen they need to function.
ARDS typically occurs in people who are already critically ill or who have significant injuries. It will usually develop within a few hours to a few days after the original disease or trauma.
Symptoms: As outlined by the Mayo Clinic, symptoms of ARDS include:
- Severe shortness of breath
- Labored and unusually rapid breathing
- Low blood pressure
- Confusion and extreme tiredness
Treatment: There is no cure for ARDS, and the main treatment is supportive care of the patient until the inflammatory process goes away. This could take days or weeks.
The disease is very unpredictable. Many people who develop ARDS don't survive, and the risk of death increases with age and severity. Of those who survive, some recover completely while others experience lasting damage to their lungs and body.
5. Lung cancer
Lung cancer starts when abnormal cells grow out of control in the lungs. This disease and smoking often go hand in hand, but recent studies have documented an increasing number of cases in non-smokers, particularly women.
Symptoms: What makes lung cancer so deadly is it initially doesn’t have any signs or symptoms. As lung cancer stages advance, the symptoms may include coughing, wheezing, shortness of breath and bloody mucus.
Treatment: As with other cancers, lung cancer can be treated with chemotherapy, radiation and surgical removal of a tumor. Still, the survival rate for this cancer is low.
One thing to remember when dealing with any lung disease or disorder: when the lungs are affected, the heart will also be affected. Likewise, if you have heart disease, you will also have lung problems. They are two organs that work hand in hand."
Source: Suzanne Carlile, 5 deadly lung diseases and the damage they can do, KSI.com, June 3, 2013.
The American Lung Association is the leading organization working to save lives by improving lung health and preventing lung disease through Education, Advocacy and Research.
Lungconditions.com is a project of Your Practice Online.
This website features interactive presentations on certain conditions of lungs
like asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), bronchiectasis,
cystic fibrosis, lung cancer. It also includes topics on respiratory infections
like bronchitis, tuberculosis, pneumonia and diagnostics involved in diagnosis
of lung conditions.
The information in this website has been intended to help consumers understand conditions of lungs better with the web-based movies and presentations.
The Pulmonary Paper
Since 1988 The Pulmonary Paper has provided education and support to those who live with COPD (Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease), Asthma, Pulmonary Fibrosis and other chronic lung diseases.
5 deadly lung diseases and the damage they can do
No doubt you’ve heard of lung diseases like tuberculosis and cystic fibrosis, but did you know how damaging they can be to your body? These diseases are among five of the most deadly lung problems you can develop.
The Alpha-1 Foundation is committed to finding a cure for Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Deficiency and to improving the lives of people affected by Alpha-1 worldwide.
The use of asbestos has hurt thousands of individuals and their families, so we’ve made it our mission to meet their needs. That’s why we provide free information, resources and personal assistance to anyone affected by mesothelioma and asbestos exposure.
Breathing Matters is the Centre for Respiratory Research fund, and is part of UCLH Charity (Reg No 229771). It has been set up to raise awareness and to work with patients to help find a cure for Interstitial Lung Diseases such as Pulmonary Fibrosis and other Respiratory Infections such as Bronchiectasis and Pneumonia.
British Lung Foundation
The British Lung Foundation is here for everyone affected by lung disease, whatever their condition. From rarer conditions such as sarcoidosis, to conditions that affect millions of people, such as COPD, we provide trust worthy and up-to-date information on more than 40 types of lung disease.
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is one of the most common lung diseases. It makes it difficult to breathe.
There are two main forms of COPD:
Chronic bronchitis, which involves a long-term cough with mucus
Emphysema, which involves destruction of the lungs over time
Most people with COPD have a combination of both conditions.
The COPD Foundation was established to undertake initiatives that result in expanded services for COPD and improve the lives of individuals affected by COPD. The Foundation’s activities focus on achieving these results through research, education and advocacy programs that will lead to prevention, and someday, a cure for this disease.
European Federation of Allergy and Airways Diseases Patients' Association
Thank you for visiting the European Federation of Allergy and Airways Diseases Patients’ Associations (EFA) website. There are millions of people in Europe with asthma, allergy and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD). We work to support them by sharing information about their conditions and by advocating on their behalf in parliament.
Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease
GOLD works with health care professionals and public health officials to raise awareness of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) and to improve prevention and treatment of this lung disease for patients around the world.
Connect, learn and breathe easier
Lung diseases kill one in 10 Europeans, with greatest risk in Britain
Conditions including lung cancer, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), pneumonia and tuberculosis will account for one in every five deaths worldwide by 2030, the World Health Organisation estimates.
The ERS said that the burden of the disease fell heaviest in Europe’s wealthier nations — strongly indicating that historically high smoking rates in better-off societies are taking their toll.
LUNGevity Foundation is firmly committed to making an immediate impact on increasing quality-of-life and survivorship of people with lung cancer by accelerating research into early detection and more effective treatments, as well as providing community, support and education for all those affected by the disease.
Extensive resource for challenges related to respiratory issues.
National Emphysema Foundation
The NEF’s mission is to improve the quality of life of patients with emphysema and their caregivers by providing and supporting educational, advocacy and research initiatives to the medical community and the general public. The NEF is dedicated to working to reduce the suffering and the toll emphysema is taking on innumerable sufferers in this country and abroad.
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute
NHLBI leads a national program in the causes, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of diseases of the heart, blood vessels, lungs, and blood; in sleep disorders; and in the uses of blood and blood resources. The Institute is responsible for research on three of the four leading causes of death in the United States-heart disease, stroke, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
Difficulty breathing can be very stressful. We discuss causes and treatment options for diseases and conditions concerning the lungs. We have factsheets concerning smoking addiction and cancer. Our medical team have recorded possible medical and surgical treatment options for you to consider if you do fall ill and the discussion forums houses individuals who can offer support as they are in a similar situation as yourself.
There are many conditions that affect the lungs and airways, from simple coughs and colds to more complex, life-long conditions like asthma and cystic fibrosis. This section has information on all of them. If you want to know “Are my symptoms just a cold, or is it more serious?” or “How do I look after my asthma?” you will find helpful information here in our doctor-authored leaflets. We will answer questions about usual investigations such as “What is spirometry?” and also treatments, like “Which inhalers do I need for COPD?”.
Propeller is the leading mobile platform for respiratory health management. Through sensors, mobile apps and services, Propeller helps reduce the cost of care while delivering better quality of life for individuals with chronic respiratory disease.
Pulmonary Fibrosis UK
Welcome to pulmonaryfibrosisuk.org.uk! This site is here to help people with people affected by Pulmonary Fibrosis and those working to fight it find what's out there on the web.
Pulmonary Hypertension Association
Being a member of PHA is your first step to taking action in the fight against PH. Members of PHA are supporting expanded research and education, building awareness of PH and public support, and changing the history of this illness.