Caries

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Caries

image by: The Incomparable Caries
     

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Why do some people get more cavities than others do?

Dental caries is the most prevalent infectious disease in humans, affecting 97 percent of the population in their lifetime. The result of the disease process known as dental caries, getting cavities is a complex and multifactorial scenario. Caries is biofilm-induced, acid demineralization of the teeth, and it requires the right combination of conditions in order to progress. When tooth enamel is subjected to a pH lower than 5.5, it begins to demineralize. Above this so-called critical pH, a mitigating repair process—remineralization—can occur.

Remineralization is in turn influenced by the presence of salivary minerals, available fluoride ion and salivary flow rate. It is when the "tug…

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Last Updated : Wednesday, March 11, 2020