Management and Treatment Guidelines.
Work-acquired infectious diseases are among the risks all healthcare workers face; and bloodborne pathogens figure prominently among these. Occupational exposure to blood and body fluids is well documented among healthcare workers. Annual exposure prevalence rates range from 1,500 nurses employed on 40 units in 20 hospitals, poor organizational climate and high workloads were associated with 50% to 200% increases in the likelihood of needlestick injuries and near-misses among hospital nurses."
This study identified a need to improve HCWs' knowledge of BBV infection risks and their management. Data gathered in this study will be used to inform the development of a web-based system for the surveillance of occupational exposures to BBV in the UK.
Call it a tale of two infections. It’s the story of how hospitals have blocked transmission of a dangerous infection that patients can give doctors, while a hospital-caused infection that can kill patients continues to be widely tolerated. It involves saved lives and endangered ones – and also of billions of dollars spent needlessly due to unsafe care.
Six pathogen threats in emergency medicine and appropriate prophylaxis.
It appears the virus was spread through the tears or sweat of a patient with a particularly severe infection.
For all bloodborne pathogens, a needlestick injury carries a greater risk for transmission than other occupational exposures (e.g. mucous membrane exposure). If a needlestick injury occurs in the setting of an infected patient source, the risk of disease transmission varies for HIV, HBV, and HCV (see Table 3, p. 19). In general, risk for seroconversion is increased with a deep injury, an injury with a device visibly contaminated with the source patient’s blood, or an injury involving a needle placed in the source patient’s artery or vein.
These CCC post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) recommendations will help you with urgent decision-making for occupational exposures to HIV and hepatitis B and C.
These guidelines provide specific recommendations for
medically managing BOP inmates who have experienced potential exposures to human
immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B virus (HBV), and hepatitis C virus (HCV) through
various means, including human bites and sexual assaults.
To provide a standard of care for evaluation and treatment of occupational exposures to Bloodborne Pathogens.
Management of Occupational Exposures to HBV, HCV, and HIV.
Exposures include sharps injuries (including needlestick) and splashes into or onto mucous membranes or non-intact skin.
Occupational hazards for healthcare workers from sharps injuries (including needlestick injury), and other blood or body fluid incidents include human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV).
Guidelines for the Management of Occupational Exposures to HBV, HCV, and HIV and Recommendations for Postexposure Prophylaxis