Haemophilus lnfluenzae Pneumonia

In an era when Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) conjugate vaccine is widely used, the incidence of Hib as a cause of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) has dramatically declined - Mary P. E. Slack

Haemophilus lnfluenzae Pneumonia
 Haemophilus lnfluenzae Pneumonia

image by: Stop Pneumonia

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A review of the role of Haemophilus influenzae in community-acquired pneumonia

Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in children and adults. Those at the greatest risk are young children in developing countries, the elderly, and those with chronic respiratory disease. The implementation of pneumococcal and Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) conjugate vaccination in many countries has resulted in a reduction in the global number of CAP episodes in young children over the past decade, but pneumonia remains a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in this age group.

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 A review of the role of Haemophilus influenzae in community-acquired pneumonia

Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in children and adults. Those at the greatest risk are young children in developing countries, the elderly, and those with chronic respiratory disease. The implementation of pneumococcal and Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) conjugate vaccination in many countries has resulted in a reduction in the global number of CAP episodes in young children over the past decade, but pneumonia remains a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in this age group.

CDC

Haemophilus influenzae, a type of bacteria, can cause many different kinds of infections. These infections range from mild, like ear infections, to serious, like bloodstream infections.

StatPearls

Clinical features depend on the organ infected by H. influenzae, and history and physical examination are geared towards positive and negative findings in the system involved. The most common presentation is pneumonia, which presents as high-grade fever, chills, productive purulent cough, shortness of breath, chest pain, lethargy, and generalized body aches. It is often clinically indistinguishable from other causes of bacterial pneumonia and is a frequent underlying pathogen in CAP patients who had a history of complete pneumococcal vaccination or have already diagnosed respiratory illnesses.

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