I am fond of pigs. Dogs look up to us. Cats look down on us. Pigs treat us as equals - Winston Churchill
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Infection is most often acquired by eating contaminated food, especially raw or undercooked pork products. The preparation of raw pork intestines (chitterlings) may be particularly risky.
Diagnosis of yersiniosis begins with isolation of the organism from the human host's feces, blood, or vomit, and sometimes at the time of appendectomy. Confirmation occurs with the isolation, as well as biochemical and serological identification, of Y. enterocolitica from both the human host and the ingested foodstuff. Diarrhea is reported to occur in about 80% of cases; abdominal pain and fever are the most reliable symptoms. Because of the difficulties in isolating yersiniae from feces, several countries rely on serology.
Yersiniosis is a relatively uncommon infection contracted through the consumption of undercooked meat products (especially pork), unpasteurized milk, or contaminated water.
Yersinia enterocolitica is found in meats (pork, beef, lamb, ect.), fish, and raw milk. Exact reason for food contamination is unknown . Human-to-human transmission is rare, however, incidences have been observed and reported.
Yersinia enterocolitica and Yersinia pseudotuberculosis are bacteria known to cause foodborne gastroenteritis in humans. The pathogen can cause diarrhoea and pain that may be mistaken for appendicitis. More invasive illness occasionally occurs, and post-infection arthritis may occur in a small proportion of cases. Not all Y. enterocolitica strains can cause human illness.
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