Male circumcision is such an embedded custom in American medicine that many people think it’s weird to question it. Until they think again - Georganne Chapin


image by: Stop Infant Circumcision Society

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Is a Circumcised Penis Really Any Healthier?

Sometimes you have a sex question that's not just, you know, an idle passing thought. And in those times you need a real answer—one that's based on deep research and scientific rigor. In those times you need _Hard Data.

Nearly 60 percent of infant boys in the United States are circumcised each year. The US is unique among developed nations in terms of how widespread this practice is and how strongly our medical community supports it. The American Academy of Pediatricians argues that the benefits of circumcision far outweigh the risks, and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has begun recommending the procedure for infants and adult men alike.

These recommendations…

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 Is a Circumcised Penis Really Any Healthier?

The benefits of the procedure aren't as clear-cut as we've been led to believe.

Clearinghouse on Male Circumcision for HIV Prevention

The Clearinghouse on Male Circumcision for HIV Prevention ( is a collaborative effort to generate and share information resources with the international public health community, civil society groups, health policy makers, and programme managers.

Intact America

Intact America envisions a world where children are protected from permanent bodily alteration inflicted on them without their consent, in the name of culture, religion, profit, or parental preference.

Mothers Against Circ

Having a Boy? Don't make a circumcision mistake! Read our circumcision and foreskin care information, and try our unique risk assessment tool with plain language answers.

It is the intention of the present overview to provide easily-accessible, reliable, balanced information that should be of assistance to parents, medical professionals, scholars, as well as men and their sexual partners.

Today the vast majority of Australian boys are not circumcised, and grow up happily with the bodies that nature gave them. Although circumcision was common from the 1920s to the 1960s, medical authorities have discouraged the practice since the 1970s, and it is now pretty much a thing of the past.

Circumcision Information and Resource Pages

Whether or not circumcision should be performed is a controversial question, especially as religious issues may be involved. One of the aims of the Circumcision Information Pages is to provide parents with information to assist them, if and when they are confronted with this question.

Circumcision Resource Center

Attitudes toward circumcision are changing because of new awareness. As a result, there is growing concern about this often misunderstood genital surgery. If you are considering circumcision for a child, please take the time read our information. Your child's physical, sexual, and emotional health depend on your being informed.

To promote, educate and perform so every Jewish child can receive a proper Bris regardless of location or affiliation.

Doctors Opposing Circumcision

D.O.C. is an organization of physicians, and others who are opposed to non-therapeutic neonatal circumcision. D.O.C. has members in 50 States, 12 Canadian Provinces and Territories, and in nations on six continents. These doctors recognize that no one has the right to forcibly remove sexual body parts from another individual.

Easy Circumcision

For some, the decision to circumcise or not to circumcise is simple. For others, much thought, research and contemplation go into making this important decision.

Global Survey of Circumcision Harm

This website is intended as a resource for men who wanted to document their harm from circumcision done in infancy or childhood, as well as for parents - medical professionals - ethicists - religious leaders - attorneys - child protection advocates - human rights campaigners - legislators - and the media.

Jewish Circumcision Resource Center

Like the American cultural practice of circumcision, Jewish circumcision (bris or brit milah) is dependent on the acceptance of cultural myths. Of all the myths that Jews believe about circumcision, the one that is paramount is the belief that all Jews circumcise. With this belief, we put ourselves under tremendous pressure to conform.

National Organization of Circumcision Information Resource Centers

Welcome to the website of the National Organization of Circumcision Information Resource Centers, founded by healthcare professionals to provide information to expectant parents, healthcare professionals, educators, lawyers, ethicists, and concerned individuals about circumcision and genital cutting of male, female, and intersex infants and children, genital integrity, and human rights.

The WHOLE Network (TWN) is a grassroots, registered 501(c)(3) nonprofit charity dedicated to providing accurate information about circumcision and proper intact care. We supply information to both medical professionals and the general public, both in the United States and abroad.

Studies about the benefits of circumcision have provided conflicting results. Some studies show certain benefits, while other studies do not. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) says the benefits of circumcision are not significant enough to recommend circumcision as a routine procedure and that circumcision is not medically necessary. The American Academy of Family Physicians believes parents should discuss with their son's doctor the potential benefits and the risks involved when making their decision.

Because circumcision is not essential to a child's health, parents should choose what is best for their child by looking at the benefits and risks.


Approximately 55% to 65% of all newborn boys are circumcised in the United States each year, though this rate varies by region (western states have the lowest rates and the north central region has the highest). The procedure is much more widespread in the United States, Canada, and the Middle East than in Asia, South America, Central America, and most of Europe, where it's uncommon.


For some families, circumcision is a religious ritual. Circumcision can also be a matter of family tradition, personal hygiene or preventive health care. For others, however, circumcision seems unnecessary or disfiguring. After circumcision, it isn't generally possible to re-create the appearance of an uncircumcised penis.


Regarding newborn circumcision, most physicians today agree with the practice of informing parents of the risks and benefits of the procedure in an unbiased manner. Recently, however, several large studies revealed a large decrease in HIV transmission in circumcised males compared to uncircumcised males. This may ultimately influence some changes in recommendations in the near future, and there is significant pressure for the AAP and ACOG to reconsider their positions.


The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) found that the medical benefits of circumcision outweigh the risks. They recommend that parents make this decision in consultation with their pediatrician.


During the 19th century, many medical practitioners believed that being circumcised was more hygienic than not being circumcised. As a result, the routine medical circumcision of all boys, regardless of religious faith, became a widespread practice in England. However, routine male circumcision gradually became less common as many members of the medical community began to argue that it had no real medical benefit in the vast majority of cases.


Globally, an estimated 30% of males have been circumcised, 7% of whom are Muslim. There are an estimated 30,000 ritual circumcisions performed in England each year. The number of operations has fallen from 80% to approximately 56% in the USA in recent years and similar falls have been seen in England and Northern Ireland.

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