The Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) -- best known for causing mononucleosis -- also increases the risks for some people of developing seven other major diseases, according to a new study. The diseases are: systemic lupus erythematosus, multiple sclerosis, rheumatoid arthritis, juvenile idiopathic arthritis, inflammatory bowel disease, celiac disease, and type 1 diabetes.
Mono, or infectious mononucleosis — often referred to as “the kissing disease” — is usually caused by a common virus called the Epstein-Barr virus, but “the vast majority of individuals infected by the virus don’t even know it because they are asymptomatic” or experience only mild illness, said Dr. Raymund R. Razonable, an infectious disease specialist at the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minn. In a small percentage of patients, mono can be caused by other viruses, such as cytomegalovirus.
Infectious mononucleosis (commonly called mono) affects about 1 out of every 2,000 people every year. But for a disease that common, misinformation abounds...
Mono is most often caused by the Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV). Nearly all adults have been exposed to EBV, and it stays in your body your entire life, but not everyone who has EBV will get mono. That’s just one of the common misconceptions about mono.
I am the unfortunate victim of a college students worst nightmare: Mono. Mononucleosis, as it is called, is not very fun. I am fatigued, my throat hurts, and I all around just do not feel well. I have always heard that it lasts for a while and that it is very difficult to get rid of. This got me to thinking. How long does Mono actually last? What can I do about it? What the hell is it?
Epstein-Barr is a ubiquitous virus that infects 95% of the world population at some point in life. Although Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infections are often asymptomatic, some patients present with the clinical syndrome of infectious mononucleosis (IM). The syndrome most commonly occurs between 15 and 24 years of age. It should be suspected in patients presenting with sore throat, fever, tonsillar enlargement, fatigue, lymphadenopathy, pharyngeal inflammation, and palatal petechiae.
One researcher wasn't impressed with research on infectious mononucleosis when he wrote his first published review on it back in the 1990s, and he still isn't. They found that the best predictors of mono were swollen posterior cervical or axillary lymph nodes, fatigue, and enlarged spleen, as well as the percentage of a patient's white blood cells that are lymphocytes or atypical lymphocytes. Having more than 50 percent lymphocytes or 10 percent atypical lymphocytes greatly increased the likelihood of mono.
The biggest risk factor for acquiring infectious mononucleosis is deep kissing. It is pretty likely that most of the transmitters of mononucleosis do not feel very sick.
The opportunity to transfer bacteria during a kiss is very large, and thanks to the emergence of microbiomics, we now know just how large: an average of 80 million bacteria are transferred during a ten second kiss.
In the United States, about 50% of all children 5 years of age and nearly 95% of adults have had an EBV infection. Most of these infections cause symptoms similar to those of a cold or other mild viral infections.
Sometimes adolescents and young adults develop different and more severe symptoms from EBV infection.
Mono (short for mononucleosis), is also called the kissing disease. It’s true that you can get mono through kissing, but that’s because it’s in your saliva, or spit. You can also get it by sharing drinks, eating utensils, and even lip gloss, balms or lipsticks.
Infectious mononucleosis is a disease usually characterized by a triad of fever, a sore and red throat and swollen glands, usually in the neck. It was initially called glandular fever when it was first described, in 1889, because of the prominent lymph node enlargement, but the name was changed to infectious mononucleosis in the early 20th century when the link between the illness and the predominance of the white blood cells known as lymphocytes was first recognized.
Infectious mononucleosis is a disease usually characterized by a triad of fever, a sore and red throat and swollen glands, usually in the neck. It was initially called glandular fever when it was first described, in 1889, because of the prominent lymph node enlargement, but the name was changed to infectious mononucleosis in the early 20th century when the link between the illness and the predominance of the white blood cells known as lymphocytes was first recognized. The link between the illness and the Epstein-Barr virus was made after a laboratory worker was accidentally infected with the virus and developed mono.
Mononucleosis, known as the “kissing disease” in my youth, is a viral disease that has engendered many a myth. The idea that you can have the nonspecific group of symptoms we call “mono” only once is just one of them.
Epstein-Barr virus, or EBV, is one of the most common human viruses in the world. It spreads primarily through saliva. EBV can cause infectious mononucleosis, also called mono, and other illnesses. Most people will get infected with EBV in their lifetime and will not have any symptoms. Mono caused by EBV is most common among teens and adults…
Infectious mononucleosis (often called "mono") is a common viral infection that causes fever, sore throat, and enlarged lymph nodes. Mononucleosis is most commonly caused by the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), and it is most frequently diagnosed in teenagers and young adults.
Mononucleosis generally resolves without medical help, though it may last from weeks to months.
Avoid sports, physical activities or exercise of any kind until your doctor tells you it's safe. Moving around too much puts you at risk of rupturing your spleen, especially if it is enlarged. You need to avoid physical activities and contact sports for about 3 to 4 weeks after you've had mono.
Your doctor may suspect mononucleosis based on your signs and symptoms, how long they've lasted and a physical examination. He or she will look for signs like swollen lymph nodes, tonsils, liver or spleen, and consider how these signs relate to the symptoms you describe.
There is no cure for glandular fever, but there are a number of simple treatments and measures that can help reduce the symptoms while you wait for your body to control the infection.
It is caused by the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), which infects B cells (B-lymphocytes), producing a reactive lymphocytosis and the atypical T cells (T-lymphocytes).
Not everyone who is exposed to EBV develops mono, though. As with many viruses, it is possible to be exposed to and infected with EBV without becoming sick.
People who have been infected with EBV will carry the virus for the rest of their lives — even if they never have any signs or symptoms of mono. People who do show symptoms of having mono probably will not get sick or have symptoms again.