The traditional indwelling, or Foley, catheter remains in place for up to three months and is attached to a collection bag. One in four patients get an indwelling catheter during a hospital stay, often unnecessarily. Use of a catheter is also beset by issues of infection — almost all long-term catheterised patients have bacteriuria (bacteria in the urine) after a month.
These urinary tract infections are the most common infections caught in a hospital. They result in longer hospital stays, increased healthcare costs, overuse of antibiotics, pain for patients and an increased risk of death. Around three-quarters of infections are because of catheter use.
If you need to see a urologist, the odds are very good that your doctor will be a man. Only about 8 percent of the practicing urologists are female, according to a poll from WebMD that includes gender distribution among medical specialties.
The fact that there are few female urologists might not seem shocking – urologists spend a lot of time looking at penises. But they also treat a wide variety of urinary tract and kidney health problems in both men and women.
"It's not all male genitalia!" says Dr. Leslie Rickey, a practicing urologist and associate professor at the Yale School of Medicine. "It's the kidneys and the urinary tract.
The kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra are the primary structures of the urinary system. They filter blood and remove waste from the body in the form of urine. The size and position of lower urinary structures vary with male and female anatomy.
Only under special circumstances. "I mean, it doesn't just happen to any Joe Schmo walking down the street holding his urine too long," says Scott Eggener, a urologist at the University of Chicago. "But for someone who has had major surgery or cancer or had radiation in his bladder, or whose bladder had been removed and we make them a new bladder out of intestine, then yes—those are situations where the bladder can rupture."
Apparently chugging cranberry juice isn't always the answer.
Ms. Burdulis, 47, is what is known in the medical trades as a gynecological teaching associate, a rare hybrid of patient and teacher who offers up the most intimate recesses of her body—breasts, ovaries, uterus and other lady parts—to train America’s future doctors in the mysteries of gynecology.
The adage in medical school is "see one, do one," and now it was Yukiko's turn to do one. "You can't really prepare yourself for how incompetent you going to feel when you actually have to do it," said Yukiko.
Oh, no! I'm the first patient these 23 medical students have ever examined.
Most women have never heard of genitourinary syndrome of menopause. But given its prevalence and progressive nature, many physicians are working to increase attention and treatment.
For some lucky future doctors, training goes beyond plastic dummies. Instead, they have access to professional patients who use their anatomy to teach tough procedures.
The reporting of new scientific developments of interest to urologists and nephrologists.
About 10 percent of all injuries seen in the emergency room involve the genitourinary tract, including the kidneys, bladder, genitals, ureters and urethra.
Approximately 10% of trauma patients sustain injury to the genitourinary (GU) system. Penetrating injuries, most commonly gunshot and stab wounds, account for 15% of all GU injuries.3
Blunt trauma is the leading cause of traumatic renal injury.
Congenital anatomic anomalies of the GU tract are more common than those of any other organ system. Urinary tract anomalies predispose patients to many complications, including infection, obstruction, stasis, calculus formation, and impaired renal function. Genital anomalies may cause voiding or sexual dysfunction, impaired fertility, psychosocial difficulties, or a combination. GU anomalies frequently require surgical reconstruction.
Disorders of the genitourinary system in children are often detected by fetal ultrasound prior to birth. If not detected on fetal ultrasound, often children will develop a urinary tract infection that will prompt your child's doctor to perform special diagnostic tests that may detect an abnormality. Some diseases of the kidney do not reveal themselves until later in life or after a child has a bacterial infection or an immune disorder.
The urinary tract includes the kidneys, ureters, and the bladder while the genital system includes the reproductive organs. While urinary tract infections are common in young children, there are other illnesses or diseases that can affect these areas of the body as well.